There are several types of shelters, their definition depends on climatic conditions and the availability of materials at hand.

If it is not possible to find any materials suitable for building a shelter, use natural shelters, such as an overhanging cliff or rock, or a hollow in the ground. The following is a description of the natural shelters that a person can use in an emergency:

1. Trunks of fallen trees or trees broken at a certain distance from the ground that are forming an acute angle with the ground. For additional protection, pile spruce paws and foliage on a log or trunk of fallen tree.
2. Natural recesses in the soil, clefts and pits. They provide excellent protection from the wind, but arranging a shelter in them do not forget about the drainage groove that diverts rainwater from it. A roof can be built above the recess by laying on top of it several strong cross-members from the branches and covering them with smaller branches, spruce branches and foliage.
3. The cave. It can be a wonderful refuge. If you find it in a hillside, mountain or rock, you can improve its thermal insulation by building a wall in front of its entrance – a wind shield. For the construction of the wall, you can use boulders, stones and peat briquettes cut in the form of bricks. If you decide to make a fire in the cave, remember that you need to choose a place for it in the depths of the cave and not at the entrance. Otherwise the smoke and cinder from the fire will be pulled into the cave and you may suffocate.

Of course, infinitely many types of shelters can be built from improvised materials in the wild. It is only necessary to use your imagination. But when building any of them, do not forget the above principles.
Good luck!


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